8d Literature

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 11 класс>> 8d Literature


1   Look at the title and describe the picture. Have you read this novel? Who are the people who have caught Gulliver? Read the biography to find out.

джонатан свифт

was born in Dublin, Ireland. At school, he was described as headstrong and not a very good student. Later, however, he became a popular satirical author and journalist, and one of the most important figures in literary and political life in London during the reign of Queen Anne (1702-1714). Some of his most famous works include The Battle of the Books (1697) and A Tale of a Tub (1704).

Swift's best known work is Gulliver's Travels (1726), the story of a surgeon's adventures in strange lands. Swift's descriptions of Gulliver's journeys often seemed so realistic that many readers believed that they were true! In the first part, Gulliver is shipwrecked on the island of Lilliput, where the people are only six inches tall.

2  Listen to the sounds. What do you think happened to Gulliver before he reached Lilliput?

3 RNE  Read the text and fill in the gaps (1-6) with the phrases (A-G). There is one phrase that you do not need to use.

A but did not see any sign of houses or inhabitants
B and I realised that I was being swept back towards the rock

путешествия гуливера

t would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader  with the particulars of our adventures in those seas; let it suffice ,J to inform him, that during our voyage to the East Indies, we were driven by a violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. We found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south. Twelve of our crew were dead due to over-work and poor food; the rest were in a very weak condition. On the 5th of November, 1)............ the weather being very hazy, the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's length of the ship; but the wind was so strong that we were driven directly onto it, and the ship immediately split. Six of the crew, including myself, having let down the boat into the sea, attempted to get clear of the ship and the rock. I estimate that we rowed about three leagues', till we were able to row no longer, being already exhausted from our labour on the ship. We therefore trusted  ourselves to the mercy of the waves. 2)........    What became of my companions in the boat, as well as of those who escaped on the rock, or were left in the vessel2,1 don't know; but I must assume that they were all lost. As for me, I swam as fortune directed me. and was pushed forward by wind and tide. I often let my legs drop, and could  feel no bottom; but when I was almost gone, and able to struggle no longer, I found that I could touch the bottom; and by this time the storm had calmed. The slope was so small that I walked almost a mile

C which was the beginning of summer in those parts
D but in the position I lay, could see nothing except the sky
E which was long and thick
F where I slept more soundly than I ever remembered having done in my life for about nine hours
G and in about half an hour the boat was overturned by a sudden strong gust of wind from the north

Listen and read the text again. Which sentences best describe the picture?

4 a  Match the highlighted words with their meanings below.

•    blown • be enough • imagine sth to be true • spotted
•    moving downwards & forwards • attached • happened to
•    thin ropes • details • tried • cracked or divided in two

b Explain the meaning of the underlined phrases in your own words. Check in the Word List.

before I got to the shore, guessing that it was about eight o'clock in the evening. I then advanced forward nearly half a mile, 3) least I was in so weak a condition, that I did not notice them. I was extremely tired, and with that, and the heat of the weather, I found myself very much wanting to sleep. I lay down on the grass, which was very short and soft, 4)........; for when I awoke, it was just daylight. I attempted to rise, but was not able to move: for, as I happened to be lying on my back, I found my arms and legs were  strongly fastened on each side to the ground; and my hair, 5)....... tied down in the same manner. I likewise felt several slender cords across my body, from my armpits to my thighs. I could only look upwards; the sun began to grow hot, and the light blinded my eyes. I heard a confused noise around me; 6)....... After a while, I felt something alive moving on my left leg, which advancing gently forward over my breast, came almost up to my chin; when, bending my eyes downwards as much as I could, I saw that it was a human creature not six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands, and a quiver3 on his back.   

In the meantime, I felt at least forty more of the same kind following the first. I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared so loud, that they all ran back in fright: and some of them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon the ground. However, they soon returned, and one of them, who ventured so far as to get a full sight of my face, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of admiration, cried out in a shrill but distinct voice, "Hekinah degul". The others repeated the same words several times, but then I knew not what they meant. I lay all this while, as the reader may believe, in great uneasiness. At length, struggling to get loose, I  had the fortune to break the strings, and wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm to the ground; for, by lifting it up to my face, I discovered the methods they had taken to bind me. and at the same time with a violent pull, which gave me excessive pain, I loosened a little the strings that tied down my hair on the left side, so that I was just able to turn my head about two inches.

1 almost 5km 2 ship 3 container for carrying arrows

Words related to weather

5   Choose the correct word. Check in your dictionaries.

1    The boat got caught at sea in a furious/violent storm.
2    Strong/Heavy winds are forecast for tomorrow.
3    There was just a light breeze/gale blowing that day.
4    It was a hazy/misty, afternoon.
5    We got soaking wet in that heavy downpour/drizzle.
6    Sunshine and showers/blizzards are expected again today.
7    Listen to the wind howling/pouring through the trees!

6  Fill in: stone, gust, drop, ray, bolt, clap, flake. Make sentences using each phrase/word. Check in the Word List.

1 ...of thunder 2.........of lightning 3 snow........    
4 rain.......... 5...........of sunshine 6...........of wind
7 hail ...........

7   Fill in: thunder, storm, clouds, bolt, rain. Check in Appendix 1.
Are there similar idioms in your language?

1    I wasn't expecting it to happen. It was a..........out of the blue.
2    The problem seems much worse than it actually is. It's just a a tea cup.
3    There's no way you can buy a house like that. You've really got your head in the.......!
4    Nothing will stop me going to the meeting tomorrow. I'll be there, come.....or shine!
5    Is Jenny angry about something? She has a face like..........!

8   In which lines of the novel do we read about:

•    a conflict of man against nature
•    an internal conflict
•    physical conflict

9  THINK!    Listen to a summary of Part 1. Which adjectives best characterise the Lilliputians? Gulliver? Support your answers with examples.

•    selfish • honest • proud • cruel
•    gullible • helpful • pompous
•    hypocritical • self-important
•    well-mannered • well-intentioned

10  THINK!    Work in groups. Imagine that the story takes place today. Write a summary of it. Think about:

•    who Gulliver is • what he does
•    where he goes • what happens
•    who the Lilliputians are

Present it to the class.

Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).

Библиотека с учебниками и книгами на скачку бесплатно онлайн, Английский язык для 11 класса скачать, школьная программа по английскому языку, планы конспектов уроков

Содержание урока
1236084776 kr.jpg конспект урока
1236084776 kr.jpg опорный каркас  
1236084776 kr.jpg презентация урока
1236084776 kr.jpg акселеративные методы 
1236084776 kr.jpg интерактивные технологии 

1236084776 kr.jpg задачи и упражнения 
1236084776 kr.jpg самопроверка
1236084776 kr.jpg практикумы, тренинги, кейсы, квесты
1236084776 kr.jpg домашние задания
1236084776 kr.jpg дискуссионные вопросы
1236084776 kr.jpg риторические вопросы от учеников

1236084776 kr.jpg аудио-, видеоклипы и мультимедиа 
1236084776 kr.jpg фотографии, картинки 
1236084776 kr.jpg графики, таблицы, схемы
1236084776 kr.jpg юмор, анекдоты, приколы, комиксы
1236084776 kr.jpg притчи, поговорки, кроссворды, цитаты

1236084776 kr.jpg рефераты
1236084776 kr.jpg статьи 
1236084776 kr.jpg фишки для любознательных 
1236084776 kr.jpg шпаргалки 
1236084776 kr.jpg учебники основные и дополнительные
1236084776 kr.jpg словарь терминов                          
1236084776 kr.jpg прочие 

Совершенствование учебников и уроков
1236084776 kr.jpg исправление ошибок в учебнике
1236084776 kr.jpg обновление фрагмента в учебнике 
1236084776 kr.jpg элементы новаторства на уроке 
1236084776 kr.jpg замена устаревших знаний новыми 

Только для учителей
1236084776 kr.jpg идеальные уроки 
1236084776 kr.jpg календарный план на год  
1236084776 kr.jpg методические рекомендации  
1236084776 kr.jpg программы
1236084776 kr.jpg обсуждения

Интегрированные уроки

Если у вас есть исправления или предложения к данному уроку, напишите нам.

Если вы хотите увидеть другие корректировки и пожелания к урокам, смотрите здесь - Образовательный форум.