7c Grammar in Use

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Grammar in Use

Conditionals type 1,2 &3 >> Grammar Reference

1   Study the table and identify the three conditional types in the quotes below.

Conditionals type

The good life, as I conceive it, is a happy life. I do not mean that if you are good you will be happy - I mean that if you are happy you will be good.

Bertrand Russell, British philosopher, 1872-1970

If we were meant to talk more than listen, we would have two mouths and one ear.

Mark Twain, American composer, 1887 - 1983

If I'd known I was going to live this long, I'd have taken better care of myself.

Eubie Blake, American composer, 1887-1983

2 Put the verbs in brackets info the correct tense. Which conditional type is each?

1   They were of great help. I don't khow what I ......... (do) if they hadn't helped me.
2   If I could be anything I wanted, I ......... (be) an astronaut.
3   It he .... (not/waste) time playing computer games, he would have been able to study more.
4   If he .... (be) in your position, I would apply for that job straight away.
5    I would have sent a card if I    ............ (remember) it was your birthday.
6    If I ............ (have) enough time, I would do a Masters degree.
7    If he doesn't dress smartly for the interview, he.......... (not/stand) a chance of getting the job.
8    If Tom has to work late today, he.............. (call) his wife and tell her.
9    If you ................ (be) ever in my part of town, you should come and see me.
10 If you have an appointment, Mr Carter ........... (see) you.

Inversion in conditional sentences

3   Study the examples. Rewrite the sentences omitting 'if'.

 > Should you come late, we'll stay in. (If you come late, we'll stay in.)
>  Were you to take this course, you would get an excellent qualification. (If you took this course, you would get an excellent qualification.)
>  Had he worked harder, he'd have met the deadline. (If he had worked harder, he'd have met the deadline.)

1    If you had asked me sooner, I would have been able to come.
2    If you ordered all your books from us, we would give you a 25% reduction.
3    If we go to the same college, we will graduate together.
4    If my exam results come in the post, call me straight away.
5    Will you pick me up if you finish early?

4   Study the table, then rewrite the sentences, as in the example.


1    Tim lives far away so he was late for the meeting.

> If Tim didn't live so far away, he wouldn't have been late for the meeting.

2    Paul doesn't listen to advice, so he didn't do what you suggested.
3    Sue doesn't do her job well, so she didn't get promoted.
4    You didn't hand in your project, so you won't pass the course.
5    The train left on time, so they will have arrived by now.
6    Kate was studying all night, so she's exhausted now.

Unreal past >>  Grammar Reference

5   Study the examples. Then put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.


1  Suppose you ......... (not/pass) your exams, what would you have done?
2   If only I ....... (not/stay up) so late last night.
3   If she ........ (tell) me she had an exam today, I wouldn't have made so much noise last night.
4  I'd rather you ............. (leave)  me alone.
5  It's high time you .......... (start)  acting more responsibly.
6  If you .... (save), we would be able to afford to go on holiday.
7  I wish he .... (get) a job instead of lying around the house all day.
8  I'd rather you ......... (not/copy) my homework and did it yourself.
9  Suppose you ......... (get) the promotion, how would you have felt?
10  If only you .... (not/borrow) my car last night.

6    Look at picture 1 and complete the sentences.

пожилая женщина


Phrasal verbs (carry)

7   Fill in: through, off, out, on. Check in Appendix 2.

1    Tim wasn't prepared for the speech, but he managed to carry it ...........(do successfully)
2    I told Anna to stop tapping her foot, but she carried ........... doing it. (continue)
3    We don't know who carried ........... the attacks yet. (do)
4    Adam's support carried me    ............. the awful experience, (help to endure)
5    Hugh Grant carried    .............. the award for Best Actor. (win)

Dependent prepositions

8   Fill in: into, from, in. Check in Appendix 1.

1    He graduated .......... university with a degree in Physics.
2    Jo was expelled from school for cheating ........... an exam.
3    She's doing research ................ global warming.
4    She finally succeeded .............. achieving her dream.

Sentence transformations

9   Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use the word in bold. Use two to five words.

1    I think you should apologise to Mike, were If ................. apologise to Mike.
2    I didn't pass the course because I didn't work hard enough.
failed If I'd worked harder, I ............. the course.
3    It's a pity she missed the party, wish I ............. to the party.
4    I suggest that you leave now. rather I .............. now.
5    I wish she wouldn't criticise me all the time, stop If ............ criticising me!

Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).

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